Order Piciformes

Family Ramphastidae

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  • Medium-sized to large, colourful arboreal birds with huge bill and long tail.
  • Neotropical, with greatest diversity in Amazonia.
  • Tropical forest, mostly in lowlands, but reaching temperate zone in mountains; one species ranges into woodland.
  • 30-61 cm.
  • 5 genera, 50 species, 78 taxa.
  • 6 species threatened;
    none extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Short, L.L. & Horne, J.F.M. (2019). Toucans (Ramphastidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52284 on 16 December 2019).