Order Strigiformes

Family Strigidae

Typical Owls
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  • Large-headed nocturnal birds with strong, hooked bill, round facial disc, compact body, moderately short tail, and strong feet with sharp talons; plumage soft and cryptically coloured.
  • Cosmopolitan.
  • Virtually all terrestrial habitats, from Arctic to tropics; typically found from sea-level to c. 2000 m, but locally up to 4700 m.
  • 12-75 cm.
  • 26 genera, 222 species, 579 taxa.
  • 41 species threatened;
    probably 1 of these, as well as 4 other species and 2 subspecies, extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Marks, J.S., Cannings, R.J. & Mikkola, H. (2019). Typical Owls (Strigidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52260 on 11 December 2019).