Order Piciformes

Family Picidae

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  • Small to rather large birds with straight medium-length bill, short legs with four long toes, some species with only three toes; tail of most long, with strong central feathers; long tongue with barbed tip.
  • Holarctic, Neotropical, Afrotropical and Oriental.
  • Forest, woodland and grassland, from cold temperate zone to tropics.
  • 7-60 cm.
  • 33 genera, 254 species, 689 taxa.
  • 17 species threatened;
    none definitely extinct since 1600.

Recommended citation

Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2020). Woodpeckers (Picidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52286 on 19 January 2020).