This is the most up-to-date checklist of bird species and subspecies recorded in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East, including Iran and the Arabian Peninsula – the ‘greater’ Western Palearctic. Species are presented in systematic order, and each species entry includes scientific and English names, taxonomic notes, distribution and range/vagrancy occurrences within the region.
Published in HBW Volume 15 on page 442 (below).
Original HBW caption:
In mainland Africa, the fringillid finches are mainly represented by the genus Serinus. Thirty out of the 37 species of Serinus are Afrotropical, the result of a rapid radiation, according to molecular evidence. The name “serin” is derived from the Latin “citrinus”, and refers to the yellow colour, as illustrated by the Yellow Canary (S. flaviventris) of southern Africa. But elsewhere in Africa Serinus species are notably dull and streaky, characteristics shared by the Yemen Serin. Most African species appear to cluster into several clades, which may be more appropriately assigned their own genera. Mitochondrial-DNA analysis of the Black-faced Canary (S. capistratus), for example, indicates that it is only distantly related to other African Serinus species, and it has been proposed that it be placed in a separate genus, Dendrospiza, along with two of the five races of the African Citril (S. citrinelloides). The two European citril finches have already been transferred back from Serinus to Carduelis. Just a few “true” Serinus species would be left, including the European Serin (S. serinus), Red-fronted Serin (S. pusillus), Cape Canary (S. canicollis) and Yellow Canary.
CitationHanne and Jens Eriksen, IBC1005295. Accessible at hbw.com/ibc/1005295.
Hanne and Jens Eriksen, IBC1005295. Photo of Yemen Serin Crithagra menachensis at Tawi Atayr, Oman. Accessible at hbw.com/ibc/1005295.
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