The brilliant Yellow-crowned Bishop (Euplectes afer) is small species of Widowbird that like most species in the group is highly sexually dimorphic. Male Yellow-crowned Bishops are polygynous, building one or more woven nests attached to vegetation, or occasionally fence wires, usually near water. The males are highly competitive, fluffing their yellow backs and flying rapidly after other males, attempting to drive them away. The buzzing swizzling call and the flaring yellow feathers are used to attract the sparrow-like females to a nest. These female Yellow-crowned Bishops were perched on grass stems in a shallow pond, watching as the brilliantly-coloured, black and yellow competing males buzzed by.
This is the most up-to-date checklist of bird species and subspecies recorded in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East, including Iran and the Arabian Peninsula – the ‘greater’ Western Palearctic. Species are presented in systematic order, and each species entry includes scientific and English names, taxonomic notes, distribution and range/vagrancy occurrences within the region.
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