HBW Alive has recently drawn attention to the alarming collapse of the Yellow-breasted Bunting (Emberiza aureola) population, thought to have numbered in the hundreds of millions in the 1980s, but since having suffered a population crash of up to 95% due to excessive trapping at migration and wintering sites#R. It now appears that the Rustic Bunting (E. rustica) population is also beginning to show a similar rapid, widespread decline. A 30–50% drop in the European population over the past decade triggered regional listing as Vulnerable in 2015#R. However, Europe accounts for just 20% of its global range so, in the absence of data from Asian Russia, the European figures alone did not change its global threat category. However, a newly-published analysis of population trends on the Scandinavian breeding grounds combined with ringing captures at Japanese and Chinese migration stop-over sites#R suggests a 75–87% decline in global population size over the last 30 years (a decrease of a similar order to that of the Yellow-breasted Bunting), with a 32–91% decline during 2005–2014#R. There is further cause for apprehension since the Rustic Bunting shares the East Asian flyway migration route with the rapidly declining (and now globally Endangered) Yellow-breasted Bunting and uses similar wintering areas; it may likewise be vulnerable to large-scale trapping in China. These circumstances together suggest that the Rustic Bunting too should now be the subject of serious conservation concern.