Family Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Least Concern

Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus)


French: Chevalier cul-blanc German: Waldwasserläufer Spanish: Andarríos grande

Tringa Ocrophus

[sic] Linnaeus

, 1758,



Formerly considered conspecific with T. solitaria. Monotypic.


Scandinavia and N & E Europe through C Asia to E Siberia; isolated population in Kyrgyzstan and extreme NW China (NW Xinjiang). Winters in Mediterranean and tropical Africa, and from Turkey through Middle East and Indian Subcontinent to S Japan, E China, Philippines and N Borneo; small wintering populations in W & WC Europe, and in sheltered valleys of Tien Shan zone.

Descriptive notes

21–24 cm; 53–119 g; wingspan 57–61 cm. Medium-sized, dark sandpiper; foreneck, breast and upper flanks streaked grey-brown, underparts white; rump white,... read more


Song, given by male from ground and in display flight (see Breeding), is a sustained, melodious “... read more


Damp wooded areas, in old, swampy woodland and montane forest; preferably pine woods, but also in... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on aquatic and terrestrial insects, mainly adults and larvae of beetles, Diptera and Trichoptera, but also dragonfly larvae, ants,... read more


Lays mid/late Apr to late Jun (earliest around Baltic, up to c. 1 month later in N Scandinavia and Russia). Monogamous. Densities normally... read more


Moves overland on broad front, generally in low concentrations on passage and at stopover sites;... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Possibly more than 1,000,000 breeding birds in Europe, of which 10,000–20,000 pairs in Norway (1970–1990), 20,000–... read more