Toxostoma Le Contei
Fort Yuma, Arizona, USA.
Has been suggested that race arenicola is a separate species: reportedly differs in its darker overall coloration (although material identified as arenicola in AMNH merits no score); shorter tail (sample size too small to quantify, but indicative; allow at least 1); and higher-frequency call (limited sample reaches 4–5 vs 3–3.2 kHz; if typical, at least 2); further study needed. Proposed race macmillanorum (San Joaquin Valley, in California) exhibits only minor plumage differences (e.g. crown darker, flanks lighter) from nominate; considered better merged with latter. Two subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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