Family Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Least Concern

Greater Double-collared Sunbird (Cinnyris afer)


French: Souimanga à plastron rouge German: Doppelband-Nektarvogel Spanish: Suimanga bicollar

Certhia afra


, 1766,

Cape of Good Hope, South Africa


Has sometimes been considered conspecific with C. stuhlmanni, C. prigoginei and C. ludovicensis; close also to C. reichenowi. Newly described taxon skye, here included as race of C. ludovicensis (which see), was previously thought possibly close to present species or C. manoensis. Birds from N & E of range (S to SC Eastern Cape) sometimes treated as race saliens, but supposed distinction unconvincing. Monotypic.


South Africa (Limpopo Province and NE Gauteng S to NW KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape and S Western Cape), W Swaziland and E Lesotho.

Descriptive notes

11·5–12·5 cm; male 9–18g, female 8·1–14 g. Male has head to rump metallic green with blue iridescence (but bases of feathers brown),... read more


Song, by both sexes, a melodious twitter involving “weetu” whistles, alternating... read more


Open habitats with scrub, from coastal plains to Afromontane forest edge, including succulent karoo... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, including beetles (Coleoptera), flies (Diptera), homopteran bugs, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera; also spiders (Araneae); also nectar... read more


Egg-laying in all months in South Africa; up to three broods. Male sings with head pointing skywards in close proximity to rivals, which... read more


Moves, including altitudinally, in response to flowering of plant sources.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common or locally common in South Africa.