Species

HBW Alive provides full accounts for every bird species known to science up to June 2013, including distribution maps and color illustrations. Check out these recently updated species or search the species you want.

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Asian Crested Ibis (Nipponia nippon)

Taxonomy:

Ibis nippon

Temminck, 1835, Japan.

Proposed race sinensis, described around end of 19th century, turned out to be the species’ breeding plumage. Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: 55–84 cm. Distinctive bushy-crested ibis with red facial skin and legs. Non-breeding adult white, with orangish-cinnamon tones in tail and flight feathers, whereas breeding adult has grey head, neck, mantle and...
figure, drawing, illustration of Asian Crested Ibis (Nipponia nippon)

Red-billed Hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus)

Taxonomy:

Buceros erythrorhynchus

Temminck, 1823, Mora, Cameroon.

Closest to T. monteiri, but close also to T. flavirostris, T. leucomelas and T. deckeni (and presumably jacksoni...

Descriptive notes: 35 cm; male 124–185 g, female 90–151 g (nominate), male 182 g, female 148 g (race kempi), male 128 g, female 125 g (race ruahae). Small, black-and-white hornbill with spotted wing-coverts, white in outer tail, and long,...
figure, drawing, illustration of Red-billed Hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus)

Imperial Woodpecker (Campephilus imperialis)

Taxonomy:

Picus imperialis

Gould, 1832, “California” = Jalisco, Mexico.

Closely related to C. principalis. Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: c. 56–60 cm. World’s largest woodpecker; huge, with pointed crest. Male has side of crown back to underside of crest and nape red, feathers with white bases; rest of head and neck, also upperparts, underparts and tail, black...
figure, drawing, illustration of Imperial Woodpecker (Campephilus imperialis)

Mexican Jay (Aphelocoma wollweberi)

Taxonomy:

Aphelocoma wollweberi

Kaup, 1855, #R, Zacatecas, Mexico; restricted to Valparaíso Mountains.

Until recently considered conspecific with A. ultramarina, but molecular evidence#R points to a...

Descriptive notes: 28–32 cm; male 84–150 g, female 77–137 g. Small, chunky, crestless jay, dull bluish above and dingy below, with fairly heavy, pointed bill; bill length varies significantly with season, shorter in winter. Nominate race...
figure, drawing, illustration of Mexican Jay (Aphelocoma wollweberi)

Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea)

Taxonomy:

Platalea pygmea

[sic] Linnaeus, 1758, Suriname = eastern Asia.

Hitherto usually placed in monotypic genus, Eurynorhynchus, but sometimes included in present genus; recent study supports its treatment within...

Descriptive notes: 14–16 cm; male averages 29·5 g, one female 34 g; wingspan 32–38 cm. Small wader closely resembling other Calidris, but has spatulate bill; in summer, red-brown head, neck and breast with dark brown streaks; upperparts...
figure, drawing, illustration of Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea)