Species

HBW Alive provides full accounts for every bird species known to science up to June 2013, including distribution maps and color illustrations. Check out these recently updated species or search the species you want.

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Snowy Owl (Bubo scandiacus)

Taxonomy:

Strix scandiaca

Linnaeus, 1758, Lapland, north Finland.

Previously placed in monotypic genus Nyctea, primarily on basis of skull characters; recent genetic study, however, indicated that it is part of...

Descriptive notes: Male 53–64 cm, 710–2500 g; female 59–66 cm, 780–2950 g; wingspan 125–166 cm. Large white owl with small eyes, rudimentary ear tufts normally not erect. Male almost entirely white, sometimes with narrow...
figure, drawing, illustration of Snowy Owl (Bubo scandiacus)

Zapata Rail (Cyanolimnas cerverai)

Taxonomy:

Cyanolimnas cerverai

Barbour and J. L. Peters, 1927, Santo Tomás, Península de Zapata, Cuba.

Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: 29 cm. Apparently almost flightless; wings very short; tail short and decomposed. Dark rail without streaks or spots, faintly barred on lower belly and thighs and has white undertail-coverts. Sexes alike. Easily separable by plumage...
figure, drawing, illustration of Zapata Rail (Cyanolimnas cerverai)

Imperial Woodpecker (Campephilus imperialis)

Taxonomy:

Picus imperialis

Gould, 1832, “California” = Jalisco, Mexico.

Closely related to C. principalis. Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: c. 56–60 cm. World’s largest woodpecker; huge, with pointed crest. Male has side of crown back to underside of crest and nape red, feathers with white bases; rest of head and neck, also upperparts, underparts and tail, black...
figure, drawing, illustration of Imperial Woodpecker (Campephilus imperialis)

Golden-collared Manakin (Manacus vitellinus)

Taxonomy:

Pipra vitellina

Gould, 1843, Panama City, Panama.

Phylogenetic study#R supports sister relationship between present species and W races of M. manacus....

Descriptive notes: 10–11 cm; male 19·3 g, female 17·1 g. Male nominate race has black cap, golden-yellow on rest of head, upper mantle, shoulders, and chin to breast, throat feathers elongated (projected forwards well beyond bill tip...
figure, drawing, illustration of Golden-collared Manakin (Manacus vitellinus)

Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus)

Taxonomy:

Falco rusticolus

Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.

Closest to F. cherrug; genetic data indicate that these two, along with F. biarmicus and F. jugger, form a group of closely...

Descriptive notes: 48–60 cm; male 769–1450 g, female 1130–2150 g; wingspan 105–135 cm. The largest Falco, with larger head, deeper chest, relatively short but broad outer wings and longer tail than other large falcons....
figure, drawing, illustration of Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus)