Family Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)


Aceh Bulbul (Pycnonotus snouckaerti)


French: Bulbul d’Aceh German: Goldzügelbülbül Spanish: Bulbul de Snouckaert

Pycnonotus snouckaerti


, 1928,

Takengon Lake, Aceh, Sumatra


Until recently considered conspecific with P. bimaculatus, but differs in its larger and higher plush orange supraloral tuft (2); lack of that species’ narrow yellowish-orange upper and (sometimes) lower “eyelids” (ns[2]); red vs brown iris (ns[2]); grey-tipped slaty-brown vs plain yellowish ear-coverts (3); distinctly grey-marked grey-brown chin to breast vs indistinctly grey-marked dark brown chin to mid-belly (ns[2]); breast coloration extending to lower belly, flanks and axillaries, leaving small whitish belly patch, vs breast coloration stopping to leave extensive whitish belly and axillaries (3); dark-mottled dull yellow vs plain bright yellow undertail-coverts (ns[2]); more yellow-olive on edges of rectrices (ns[1]); longer wings and tail (effect size for tail 3.26; score 2); reedier, less fluty voice (allow 1)#R. Monotypic.


NW Sumatra.

Descriptive notes

21 cm. Adult differs from formerly conspecific P. bimaculatus in multiple characters: plush orange supraloral tuft considerably larger and taller, almost meeting... read more


Song similar in structure and pattern to that of P. bimaculatus, a very staccato, sharp,... read more


Appears to prefer for small, scrubby clearings dominated by fern and high grass inside submontane... read more

Food and feeding

Essentially a frugivore; stomachs of birds from N Sumatra contained fruit, including “red peppers” (Capsicum), and smaller... read more


No information.


None known.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia EBA. Overall distribution estimated at 30,200 km² and population at between 2500 and 10,000... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Aceh Bulbul (Pycnonotus snouckaerti). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 August 2019).