Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)

Least Concern

African Fish-eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer)


Taxonomy

French: Pygargue vocifer German: Schreiseeadler Spanish: Pigargo vocinglero
Taxonomy:

Falco vocifer

Daudin

, 1800,

Keurboom River, Western Cape Province, South Africa

.

In the past, frequently placed in genus Cuncuma. Closely related to H. vociferoides; the two are sister to the pair H. leucogaster and H. sanfordi#R. Monotypic.

Distribution:

S Mauritania E to Eritrea and Ethiopia and S to South Africa.

Descriptive notes

63–75 cm; male 1985–2500 g, female 3200–3600 g; wingspan 175–210 cm. Adult has white head, mantle and breast, black back and chestnut shoulders, belly... read more

Voice

Distinctive, far-ranging “WEEE-AH kleeuw kleeuw kleew” given by both sexes.

Habitat

Wide range of aquatic habitats, including margins of large lakes, rivers, swamps and reservoirs;... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly fish of 200–1000 g, but up to 4200 g. Also takes carrion, waterbirds (including young of colonial species), mammals (monkeys,... read more

Breeding

May lay in any month in most regions, but locally seasonal and generally favours low water conditions, with peak in Oct–Dec/Jan in W... read more

Movements

Resident around many permanent waterbodies, usually as territorial pairs. However, rapidly... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common on many major rivers and lakes, often at high densities for such a large predator, needing only 300–600 m of... read more

Recommended citation

Kemp, A.C. & Marks, J.S. (2018). African Fish-eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52983 on 22 October 2018).