French: Tchitrec d’Afrique German: Graubrust-Paradiesschnäpper Spanish: Monarca africano
Subspecies and Distribution
T. v. viridis
(Statius Müller, 1776) – extreme S Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia S to Sierra Leone.
T. v. ferreti
(Guérin-Méneville, 1843) – Mali and Ivory Coast E to N Cameroon, S Chad, N Central African Republic, S Sudan, N Eritrea and Somalia, S to NE DRCongo, S Kenya and NE Tanzania.
T. v. harterti
(R. Meinertzhagen, 1923) – extreme SW Saudi Arabia, W & E Yemen and S Oman.
T. v. speciosa
(Cassin, 1859) – S Cameroon E to SW South Sudan, S to DRCongo (except NE, E & S) and NE Angola.
T. v. restricta
(Salomonsen, 1933) – S Uganda.
T. v. kivuensis
Salomonsen, 1949 – SW Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, E DRCongo (Kivu) and NW Tanzania.
T. v. suahelica
Reichenow, 1898 – W Kenya and N Tanzania.
T. v. ungujaensis
(C. H. B. Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1947) – E Tanzania, including islands of Zanzibar, Mafia and Pemba.
T. v. plumbeiceps
Reichenow, 1898 – Angola and N Namibia E to SW Tanzania, Mozambique and N South Africa; non-breeding also N to Cameroon, N Tanzania and SE Kenya.
T. v. granti
(Roberts, 1948) – E & S South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal S to S Western Cape); non-breeding N to Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
18 cm (excluding male’s elongated central rectrices, which project up to 10–18 cm beyond others); male 13·8 g, female 12·7 g (Kenya). Plumage... read more
Male territorial song very varied, with both individual and geographical variation, typically a... read more
Savanna woodland, park-like country, open forest and plantations, bushland, open woodland of any... read more
Food and feeding
Arthropods, mainly insects, also spiders (Araneae); also some small berries. Insects include eggs, larvae, nymphs and imagos of beetles (... read more
Season May–Jul/Aug (during rains) in W Africa, probably all year in Cameroon; all year in Gabon (peak mid-Dec to mid-Feb, little... read more
Arabian race harterti apparently resident; other races make some local movements (poorly... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Uncommon to common throughout range; locally abundant. Widespread. Densities 15·5–17·9 pairs/km² in NE Gabon, and 21 pairs/... read more
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