Family Starlings (Sturnidae)

Least Concern

African Pied Starling (Lamprotornis bicolor)


Taxonomy

French: Spréo bicolore German: Zweifarb-Glanzstar Spanish: Estornino bicolor
Taxonomy:

Turdus bicolor

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

Cape of Good Hope, South Africa

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Formerly, this species, L. albicapillus and L. fischeri were usually placed in genus Spreo, but genetic data#R indicate that latter is embedded in present genus. Monotypic.

Distribution:

South Africa (except NW, N & E), Lesotho and extreme W Swaziland.

Descriptive notes

25 cm; 93–113 g. Medium-sized dark starling with pale eye. Crown, nape and upperparts are blackish-brown with some greenish sheen; wing and tail blackish with oily... read more

Voice

Song a rambling combination of musical warbling and harsh notes; male may sing for several minutes... read more

Habitat

Open areas dominated by grassland, and long associated with agricultural regions and open ground... read more

Food and feeding

Omnivorous. Animal food includes carrion, such as toads (Amphibia) squashed on roads; also small lizards, ticks (Acarina), solifugids (... read more

Breeding

Aug–Nov in SW (winter-rainfall region); elsewhere Sept–Jan and with second minor peak in Apr–May; some breeding records... read more

Movements

Mainly sedentary; large nomadic flocks in some regions.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common to abundant; uncommon and more local at extremities of range; rare in arid NW and largely absent from E coastal lowlands. Generally widespread... read more

Recommended citation

Craig, A. & Feare, C. (2019). African Pied Starling (Lamprotornis bicolor). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60902 on 23 September 2019).