French: Martin-pêcheur pygmée German: Natalzwergfischer Spanish: Martín pigmeo africano
Other common names:
Juida = St Louis, Senegal
Subspecies and Distribution
I. p. picta
(Boddaert, 1783) – Senegal E to Eritrea, S to Uganda and Pemba I (possibly); breeding populations N of 12–13° N are migratory.
I. p. ferrugina
Clancey, 1984 – Guinea-Bissau E to W Uganda, S to C Angola, NW Zambia and N Tanzania.
I. p. natalensis
(A. Smith, 1832) – S Angola across to C & E Tanzania, including Pemba (possibly) and Zanzibar, and S to E Botswana and N & E South Africa; some migration N to E DRCongo, Uganda, Kenya and South Sudan.
12 cm; male 11–16 g, female 9–15 g. Both sexes nominate race black crown with glossy blue tips; rufous eyebrow and hindneck with distinctive lilac wash on side of... read more
Thin, high-pitched “seek” or “tseet tseet”, often in flight; also prolonged... read more
Thick evergreen forest, riverine forest and swamp-forest, woodland, thickets and trees in dry... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, including grasshoppers (Orthoptera), moths and caterpillars, flies (Diptera), beetles (Coleoptera); also spiders, small millipedes... read more
Lays in Sept–Nov in Mauritania and Mali, and in Mar–Oct in S parts of W Africa; in Jan, Mar–Jun and Oct–Nov in E... read more
S populations present in South Africa and Zimbabwe from Oct to Apr/May, in Zambia Aug–May,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Has a wide distribution, and found in a range of habitats. Many are killed in Zimbabwe and South Africa by hitting buildings while migrating at night... read more
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