French: Râle bleuâtre German: Kapralle Spanish: Rascón cafre
Other common names:
African Water Rail
J. F. Gmelin
Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa, principally from Ethiopia, South Sudan and Uganda to E DRCongo and Kenya and S to Cape of Good Hope. Status uncertain in W Africa, where recorded in Gambia, Sierra Leone, Cameroon, Central African Republic#R, NE Gabon and Congo#R, but apparently rare and erratic; occurrence in coastal Kenya requires confirmation.
27–28 cm; male 146–205 (180) g, female 120–170 (146)g. Unpatterned, deep vinous brown upperparts are unique character within genus. Sexes similar but female... read more
Common territorial call, given by both sexes, often in duet or chorus, is loud high trill winding... read more
Reedbeds and dense rank growth in permanent and temporary swamps and marshes, and beside lakes,... read more
Food and feeding
Worms, crabs, spiders, aquatic and terrestrial insects and their larvae, small fish and small frogs; also some vegetable matter, including... read more
Ethiopia, Aug; SW Zaire, “dry season”; Kenya, May–Jun; Malawi, Feb–Mar; Zambia, Jan, breeding condition May;... read more
No evidence for regular migrations. Most seasonal variations in numbers explained by dispersal of... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Regarded as widespread and locally common over much of main range, though undoubtedly under-recorded in many areas. Rare and erratic... read more
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