Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Critically Endangered

Akekee (Loxops caeruleirostris)


French: Loxopse de Kauai German: Kauai-Akepakleidervogel Spanish: Akepa de Kauai

Chrysomitridops cæruleirostris

S. B. Wilson

, 1890,



Formerly considered conspecific with L. coccineus, but differences in coloration, voice, nest placement, ecology and genetics reveal it to be a separate species. Monotypic.


Kauai, in Hawaiian Is.

Descriptive notes

10 cm; c. 11 g. Small finch-like passerine with notched tail and conical bill, mandibles crossed at tip. Male is olive-green on hindcrown, nape and back, bright yellow on... read more


Typical call a loud ringing "peek!" or "sweet!"; other calls, possibly flock... read more


Montane ohia, ohia-koa (Metrosideros polymorpha-Acacia koa), and temperate mixed... read more

Food and feeding

Diet arthropods, including spiders (Araneae), psyllids (Psyllidae) and caterpillars. Forages in outer leaf clumps of ohia canopy, very... read more


Season at least Mar–Apr, possibly Feb–Jun. In courtship display, male hops back and forth in front of female while uttering... read more



Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Central Hawaiian Islands EBA. Has tiny global range, and has suffered extremely rapid population decline since... read more

Recommended citation

Pratt, D. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Akekee (Loxops caeruleirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 January 2020).