Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Endangered

Akiapolaau (Hemignathus wilsoni)


Taxonomy

French: Akiapolaau d’Hawaï German: Hawaii-Sichelkleidervogel Spanish: Akiapolaau
Taxonomy:

Heterorhynchus wilsoni

Rothschild

, 1893,

Hawaii

.

Some authors expand genus Hemignathus to include Chlorodrepanis, in which case current species name becomes invalid for this taxon, because preoccupied; present species then adopts replacement name H. munroi. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Hawaii I, in E Hawaiian Is.

Descriptive notes

14 cm; male 19·8-37 g, female 17–35 g. Medium-sized honeycreeper with combination-tool bill, upper mandible long and downcurved, lower mandible about half length... read more

Voice

Calls include a 2-note to 4-note whistle, "cheerdle-ee", a 2-note upslurred whistle,... read more

Habitat

Mainly in mesic to wet ohia-koa (Metrosideros polymorpha-Acacia koa) forest and... read more

Food and feeding

Diet includes spiders (Araneae), grubs and adult beetles (Coleoptera), lacewing larvae (Neuroptera), and caterpillars (Lepidoptera),... read more

Breeding

Breeds any time of year, peak Feb–Jul. Monogamous, partners remaining together for several seasons in stable populations. Defends... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Hawai‘i EBA. Has very small, highly fragmented range. Once widespread, but now confined to upper elevations on slopes... read more

Recommended citation

Pratt, D. (2017). Akiapolaau (Hemignathus wilsoni). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/61448 on 22 November 2017).