Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Near Threatened

Alexandrine Parakeet (Psittacula eupatria)


French: Perruche alexandre German: Großer Alexandersittich Spanish: Cotorra alejandrina

Psittacus Eupatria


, 1766,

Gingee, Tamil Nadu, India


Some of currently accepted races may be representative of clines, with race nipalensis particularly weak. Five subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. e. nipalensis (Hodgson, 1836) – NE Afghanistan and Pakistan E through N India possibly to Bangladesh.
  • P. e. eupatria (Linnaeus, 1766) – S India and Sri Lanka.
  • P. e. magnirostris (Ball, 1872) – Coco Is and Andaman Is.
  • P. e. avensis (Kloss, 1917) – S Assam (NE India) and Myanmar.
  • P. e. siamensis (Kloss, 1917) – W & N Thailand E to C & S Indochina.
  • Status unclear in India W coast (S from Bombay), where few reports, maybe escapees.
    Introduced to parts of Europe (Germany, Belgium, Netherlands), Middle East (Turkey, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Iran) and C Japan.

    Descriptive notes

    50–62 cm; 198–258 g. Bill red; head green shading to grey on nape and lower face; black chin and malar bar to side of neck where replaced by broad pink-red bar... read more


    Generally loud and harsh, or piercing, and repertoire very varied. Calls include a nasal “kyah”, a... read more


    Dry and moist deciduous lowland forest and wooded areas including mangroves, coconut plantations... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fruits, e.g. guavas (Psidium guajava), and seeds, nectar of Salmalia, Butea and Erythrina, fleshy... read more


    Nov–Apr. Nest in hole in coconut palm or large softwood like Salmalia, sometimes the hardwood Shorea and ... read more


    Resident, but also nomadic and locally migratory in N India.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considere Near Threatened. CITES II. Common in Pakistan and relatively sparse in India, has declined steeply in Sri Lanka, where now... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. & Boesman, P. (2019). Alexandrine Parakeet (Psittacula eupatria). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 December 2019).