French: Oriole à gros bec German: Schwarzkehltrupial Spanish: Turpial de Altamira
Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, Mexico
Subspecies and Distribution
I. g. mentalis
Lesson, 1831 – extreme S USA (lower Rio Grande Valley, in Texas) and E & S Mexico (to Yucatán Peninsula, across Isthmus of Tehuantepec to Matías Romero area, also Pacific lowlands of Chiapas E from about Pijijiapan) S to Guatemala (to La Avellana region), and N Belize.
I. g. flavescens
A. R. Phillips, 1966 – Guerrero, in S Mexico.
I. g. gularis
(Wagler, 1829) – Pacific lowlands of S Mexico (Isthmus of Tehuantepec S to Tapanatepec, in Oaxaca), also interior Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and W Nicaragua.
23–25·5 cm; male average 85·7 g, female average 69·4 g. A robust oriole with thick straight bill. Nominate race has head and underparts bright... read more
Song a varied series of loud whistles, sometimes combining slow and fast sections. Calls include... read more
Woodland and scrub, riparian woodland, savannas; seems to have a liking for Mimosa trees.... read more
Food and feeding
Arthropods, presumably also small vertebrates; also fruits and nectar. Ants (Formicidae) found among stomach contents. Feeds on fruits of... read more
Season late Apr–Aug in USA and NE Mexico, May–Jul in S Mexico (Oaxaca) and Mar–Jun in El Salvador; apparently double-... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to fairly common throughout range. A rather abundant oriole in some places, with increasing populations. First recorded in S USA in 1930s, and... read more
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