Family Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)


Amani Sunbird (Hedydipna pallidigaster)


French: Souimanga d’Amani German: Amaninektarvogel Spanish: Suimanga de Amani

Anthreptes pallidigaster

W. L. Sclater and Moreau

, 1935,

4 miles [6.4 km] east of Amani, north-east Tanzania


Males in Ndundulu Mts, in C Tanzania, are brighter metallic blue, less green, than those elsewhere in species’ range, and possibly represent an undescribed geographical race; further study required. Monotypic.


Coastal SE Kenya (Arabuko-Sokoke Forest) and NE & C Tanzania (E Usambara Mts and nearby, and Ndundulu Mts).

Descriptive notes

8–9 cm; 6–8 g. A very small sunbird with short, decurved bill. Male has head to upper back, scapulars and upperwing-coverts (except greaters) dark iridescent... read more


Complex song consists of a random sequence of high-pitched, ascending and descending "chissick"... read more


Brachystegia (Brachystegia) woodland in coastal Kenya, and forest and forest clearings in... read more

Food and feeding

Caterpillars, spiders (Araneae), presumably also nectar. Forages at 5–35 m, alone or in groups of up to 60; joins mixed-species... read more


Laying in Mar, May–Jun and Sept–Dec. Nest-building, by female, takes one week; nest of fine plant fibres, lichen and down, with... read more


Local short-distance movements in search of flowering plants.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Restrictedrange species: present in Tanzania-Malawi Mountains EBA and East African Coastal Forests EBA. Global population estimated to lie in range 10,000–... read more

Recommended citation

Cheke, R. & Mann, C. (2019). Amani Sunbird (Hedydipna pallidigaster). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 August 2019).