Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Amazilia Hummingbird (Amazilia amazilia)


Taxonomy

French: Ariane de Lesson German: Rostbauchamazilie Spanish: Amazilia costeña
Taxonomy:

Orthorhynchus [sic] Amazilia

Lesson and Garnot

, 1827,

Callao de Lima, Peru

.

Race alticola recently treated as separate species (e.g. in HBW) on basis of coloration, song repertoire and habitat requirements#R, but broad intergradation with dumerilii apparent, and differences in voice extensive in species and as yet taxonomically unattributable#R. Nevertheless, races fairly distinctive, notably southernmost caeruleigularis, with its blue throat (score 3) and greener dorsal area (1); further study desirable. Race leucophoea frequently misspelt leucophaea#R. Six subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. a. dumerilii (Lesson, 1832) – Green-tailed Amazilia – lowlands W of Andes from W Ecuador to NW Peru (Tumbes); E slope in SE Ecuador (upper Zamora Valley).
  • A. a. azuay Krabbe & Ridgely, 2010 – Azuay Amazilia – R Jubones drainage in Azuay and adjacent Loja, in SC Ecuador.
  • A. a. alticola Gould, 1860 – Loja Amazilia – Andes in S Ecuador (El Oro, S Loja and adjacent Zamora-Chinchipe).
  • A. a. leucophoea Reichenbach, 1854 – White-throated Amazilia – NW Peru (Piura S to Ancash).
  • A. a. amazilia (Lesson & Garnot, 1827) – Green-throated Amazilia – W Peru (Lima to Ica).
  • A. a. caeruleigularis Carriker, 1933 – Blue-throated Amazilia – SW Peru (Nazca Valley).
  • Descriptive notes

    9–11 cm; male 5–6·5 g, female 4·5–5·5 g; male of race alticola larger in most measurements. Male has straight, medium-sized,... read more

    Voice

    Song a variable but typically descending series of 4–10 squeaky notes, repeated at intervals. Calls... read more

    Habitat

    In contrast to other members of genus, prefers semi-arid to arid open, partially coastal, habitats... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds on nectar of flowering Erythrina, Psittacanthus or at other flower corollas of medium length. Catches small insects... read more

    Breeding

    Breeds year-round; race alticola Nov–Mar. Nest cup-like, 3 cm high, made of plant wool, brown fibres, white seed pappi,... read more

    Movements

    Some altitudinal dispersal after main breeding season; race alticola may occur at lower... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common to uncommon along the Pacific coast and some Andean valleys of the Pacific slope; the commonest trochilid regionally. Race ... read more

    Recommended citation

    Weller, A.A., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Amazilia Hummingbird (Amazilia amazilia). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55486 on 21 May 2019).