Family Kingfishers (Alcedinidae)

Least Concern

Amazon Kingfisher (Chloroceryle amazona)


French: Martin-pêcheur d’Amazonie German: Amazonasfischer Spanish: Martín pescador amazónico

Alcedo amazona


, 1790,



Genetic study indicates that this species is basal in genus#R; previously thought possibly to be closest to C. americana on basis of plumage similarities. N populations sometimes recognized as race mexicana on grounds of larger size and slight plumage differences, but variation is clinal. Monotypic.


Mexico (S Sinaloa and S Tamaulipas) and Belize S to Colombia and Venezuela, and S on E side of Andes to C Argentina (La Rioja, Buenos Aires).

Descriptive notes

30 cm; male 98–121 g, female 125–140 g. Adult male dark bronzy green upperparts except for white collar and small white marks in front of and below eye (no white... read more


Loud, harsh, repeated "tek" or "klek", staccato "chrit", given alone... read more


Large slow-flowing or fast-flowing rivers with rapids and deep pools, also lakeshores and wooded... read more

Food and feeding

Fish (Characidae), and crustaceans (Penaeus aztecus). Hunts from a perch, with occasional head-bobbing or tail-jerking, and dives... read more


Lays in Jan–Mar in Costa Rica, in Feb–May in Honduras and Panama, and in May in Trinadad; 1 brood. Male courtship-feeds female... read more


Presumably sedentary, but occasional vagrants reported from Trinidad and there is a single record... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Widespread, and quite common in some localities. In Colombia and Bolivia, densities 0·95–5·6/km of shoreline at lakes, 0·8... read more

Recommended citation

Woodall, P.F. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Amazon Kingfisher (Chloroceryle amazona). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 November 2019).