Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Least Concern

Amazonian Oropendola (Psarocolius yuracares)


French: Cassique bicolore German: Olivkopf-Stirnvogel Spanish: Cacique amazónico

C[assicus]. yuracares

d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye

, 1838,

territory of the Yuracares (= Chapare), Cochabamba, Bolivia


Sometimes placed in genus Gymnostinops. Often considered conspecific with P. bifasciatus, mainly because intermediate-looking individuals, race neivae (sometimes thought to represent hybrids), occur in area of range overlap in E Amazonian Brazil (Pará); no details of pairing behaviour or other aspects of natural history in contact zone available, and further research required. Both species closely related to P. montezuma, P. guatimozinus and P. cassini#R. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. y. yuracares (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838) – Amazon and upper Orinoco Basins from S Venezuela (Amazonas, W & SE#R Bolívar) and Colombia (Meta and Guainía) S to E Ecuador, E Peru and C Bolivia (Santa Cruz), E to C Brazil (E to R Negro and R Tapajós).
  • P. y. neivae (E. Snethlage, 1925) – S Pará (between R Tapajós and R Tocantins) to N Goiás and Mato Grosso, in EC Brazil.
  • Descriptive notes

    Male average 51 cm, 449·6 g; female average 42 cm, 259·2 g. Male nominate race has head to mantle and breast bright olive-green or olive-yellow (amount of... read more


    Male song often a thin descending whistle, followed by a complex rattle with woody undertones, and... read more


    Terra firme forest, ranging into humid submontane forest; sometimes found in plantations... read more

    Food and feeding

    Stomach contents from Brazil include insects, i.e. grasshoppers (Acrididae) and other orthopterans and lepidopteran larvae, also snails (... read more


    Season Jan–Apr in Venezuela and Aug–Nov in Bolivia. Polygynous. Colonial: in Venezuela (lower R Caura basin) two colonies held... read more


    Apparently sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common in most of range; rare and local in Venezuela and Ecuador. Has extensive distribution. Found in several protected areas, including, among... read more

    Recommended citation

    Fraga, R. (2020). Amazonian Oropendola (Psarocolius yuracares). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).