Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Least Concern

Amazonian Pygmy-owl (Glaucidium hardyi)


French: Chevêchette d’Amazonie German: Amazonaszwergkauz Spanish: Mochuelo amazónico

Glaucidium hardyi


, 1989,

20 km south-west of Presidente Medici, Rondônia, Brazil


Considered a member of G. minutissimum complex, which includes also G. palmarum, G. sanchezi, G. griseiceps and G. parkeri. Traditionally treated as a race of G. minutissimum, but appears to differ in morphology, ecology and vocalizations; alternatively, considered more closely related to G. jardinii and G. bolivianum; further study needed to determine true relationships. Monotypic.


From SE Venezuela (Bolívar) E through the Guianas to N Brazil (Pará), and S to SE Peru, N & E Bolivia and S Mato Grosso.

Descriptive notes

14–15 cm; c. 55–65 g. Tiny Glaucidium, with relatively small head and eyes and long wings, unmarked mantle and relatively dark, greyish rufous-brown... read more


Rapid series of 12–36 notes running into quavering roll or trill, at tempo of 10–13... read more


Upper storey of primary evergreen rainforest, especially tall terra firme, transitional... read more

Food and feeding

Little information. Diet speculated to consist mainly of insects, but also some small arboreal vertebrates. Adults in French Guiana... read more


Almost no information available. Nest with three chicks near fledging age photographed in mid-Sept in C Brazil. Another nest with at... read more


No information. Probably resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Generally considered uncommon, but may well be overlooked as it lives high up in forest; often kept as pet by native tribes... read more

Recommended citation

Holt, D.W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez Rocha, P., Petersen, J.L., Rangel Salazar, J.L., Segars, K.P., Wood, K.L., Bonan, A., de Juana, E. & Marks, J.S. (2019). Amazonian Pygmy-owl (Glaucidium hardyi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).