French: Avocette d’Amérique German: Braunhals-Säbelschnäbler Spanish: Avoceta americana
J. F. Gmelin
S Canada (SE British Columbia E to SW Ontario) and S through W USA (E to C Texas) to N Baja California; S USA (Gulf coast of Texas, formerly farther north); C Mexico (from Coahuila to C Volcanic Belt, also NW Sonora); recently recorded breeding in E Cuba#R. Winters from California and S Texas through Mexico to Guatemala and irregularly to N Honduras, El Salvador and Nicaragua; also SE USA (S from North Carolina) and, rarely, Bahamas to Cuba.
41–51 cm; 215–476 g; wingspan 68 cm; tarsus 85–103 mm. Head, neck and breast orange-brown, becoming pinkish on upper mantle and upper belly, then shading... read more
Gives far-carrying “kleek”, but also repeated melodic “kleet” calls while circling or dive-bombing... read more
Breeds around sparsely vegetated saline lakes and ponds, especially alkaline lakes, lagoons and... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly carnivorous, preying on wide range of mainly aquatic invertebrates including insects and their larvae, crustaceans, molluscs and... read more
Nests in spring and summer in N of range; Apr–Aug in NW Mexico, Mar–Aug in C Mexico, nests with eggs in Jun in Cuba. Pairs form... read more
Mostly migratory with, for example, birds that breed in Great Basin of California/Utah wintering in... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Overall population estimated at 450,000 individuals in early 2000s. Expansive range over North America, where many important sites... read more
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