French: Chardonneret jaune German: Goldzeisig Spanish: Jilguero yanqui
South Carolina, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
S. t. pallidus
Mearns, 1890 – S Canada (SC British Columbia E to W Ontario) and C & WC USA (E from E Oregon to W Great Plains, S to NW Colorado); winters also from N California S to NC Mexico.
S. t. jewetti
van Rossem, 1943 – extreme SW Canada (SW British Columbia) S in W USA to C California.
S. t. salicamans
Grinnell, 1897 – SW USA (W Sierra Nevada, in California); winters E to Mojave and Colorado Deserts and S to NW Mexico (N Baja California).
S. t. tristis
(Linnaeus, 1758) – SE Canada (E from Ontario) and C & E USA (E from SE Minnesota, S to NE Texas and N South Carolina); winters S & SE USA S to C Mexico.
11·5–13 cm; 10–13 g (summer), 13–20 g (winter). Medium-sized finch with conical bill and forked tail. Male nominate race breeding has forehead, upper... read more
Song, by male from top of tree, roadside wires and in display-flight, during late spring and... read more
Open deciduous woodlands with low shrubs and weedy patches, forest edges, orchards, edges of... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly seeds of wide variety, also some shoots and buds of trees and flowering plants, also tree sap; some insects. Strong preference for... read more
Season late Apr or May to Sept; two broods in S of range. Monogamous; also polygamous. Solitary or loosely colonial. Pair formation takes... read more
Resident, migratory and partially migratory. S populations largely resident or make short-distance... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to fairly common. Recorded breeding density ranges 0·78-14 pairs/ha, but difficult to determine as nests often clumped or nesting colonial.... read more
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