French: Merle d’Amérique German: Wanderdrossel Spanish: Zorzal robín
“in America septentrionali” = North America
Subspecies and Distribution
T. m. migratorius
Linnaeus, 1766 – Alaska (except SE) and Canada (except SW & E) S to C & NE USA (SW Kansas, Pennsylvania, New Jersey); non-breeding E USA and E Mexico, scarce in Bermudas, N Bahamas and W Cuba.
T. m. caurinus
(Grinnell, 1909) – SE Alaska and coastal W Canada; non-breeding S to SW USA (to CW California).
T. m. propinquus
Ridgway, 1877 – SW Canada (SE British Columbia E to SW Saskatchewan) and W USA (Montana to California) S to C Mexico (S to W Zacatecas and Guanajuato); non-breeding in much of S part of breeding range.
T. m. nigrideus
Aldrich & Nutt, 1939 – E Canada (Labrador, Newfoundland); non-breeding E USA.
T. m. achrusterus
(Batchelder, 1900) – SE USA (Oklahoma E to Virginia, S to Texas and Florida); non-breeding S to S USA.
T. m. phillipsi
Bangs, 1915 – highlands of SW Mexico (S Nuevo León and SW Tamaulipas, W to Jalisco, S to Guerrero and Oaxaca).
23–28 cm; 59–94 g. Male nominate race has blackish head, white broken eyering, white fleck above lores, white throat with black streaks; otherwise, dark grey... read more
Song, mainly before sunrise and in twlight before sunset, mainly by male from high perch, sometimes... read more
Breeds in mature, logged and early successional forest and woodland, riparian areas, farmsteads,... read more
Food and feeding
Primarily invertebrates (more than 90% of diet) in spring, equally invertebrates and fruit in summer, and primarily fruit (more than 90%)... read more
Early Apr to mid-Aug throughout range (but juveniles as late as mid-Sept in Sonora, in Mexico), very rarely extending into autumn and... read more
Migrant (primarily diurnal), partial migrant and (mainly in extreme S of breeding range) sedentary... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). The most abundant and widespread North American thrush and one of the most abundant and widespread of North American birds, thriving... read more
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