J. F. Gmelin, 1789,
Hudson Bay and New York.
Breeds in inland North America very locally in SW & SC Canada (from SE British Columbia and N & E Alberta E to SC Manitoba and SW Ontario) and in USA E to the Dakotas and S to NE California, Nevada, Utah and Colorado, also in SE Texas; also occasionally in W & NE Mexico (Durango and Tamaulipas). Migrates to Pacific and Atlantic coasts from SW USA and Florida S to S Mexico and Guatemala, rarely to Costa Rica.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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