French: Bécasse d’Amérique German: Kanadaschnepfe Spanish: Chocha americana
J. F. Gmelin
New York, USA
S Manitoba through Ontario and Quebec to New Brunswick and SW Newfoundland, and S through Great Plains and E USA to EC Texas, Gulf states and Florida. Winters in SE USA, on Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains from S Texas to S Florida.
25–31 cm; male 116–219 g, female 151–279 g; wingspan 40–51 cm. Smallest woodcock, with unbarred orange-buff underparts and underwing-coverts; silvery-... read more
Displaying male on bare open ground utters muffled cooing “chako” or “tuko” followed by a... read more
Mixed or deciduous moist woodlands with scattered openings (40% of surface area seems to be minimum... read more
Food and feeding
Earthworms form 68–86% of diet; when available, also Diptera, beetles, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, snails, millipedes, centipedes and... read more
Lays from early Jan (S USA) to late Apr (N USA and Canada), although nests with eggs recorded until late Jul in Connecticut and Vermont (... read more
N breeders migratory, leaving area from Sept to mid Nov; start and progress of migration... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Survey in 2000–2004 located > 2,240,000 displaying males, versus a total in excess of 3,000,000 in 1970–1975. In 1970s... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!