Sometimes considered conspecific with P. brunneiceps, but the two exist sympatrically on E slope of Mt McKinley, on Mindanao. The forms maculipectus and frontalis, usually considered races of present species are here treated as a separate species. It differs from P. maculipectus on account of its greyish-tinged purplish-brown vs pale grey underparts (3); more whitish vs pale rufous chin and undertail-coverts (1); unbarred breast (1); and on average smaller size, most notably in tail length (effect size 2.3) (2). It differs from P. frontalis by the presence of subocular eye-lines (one dark, one white) (3); chin and throat dull rufous with darker streaking, shading on breast to medium to darkish dull brown vs chin and throat very dull buffy-rufous shading on breast to pale, warm mud-brown (2); undertail-coverts rich tan vs pale smoky-grey (3); purple patch on mantle bluer and more extensive (ns); back and scapulars narrowly edged dark (ns). Proposed races celestinoi (from Bohol) and mindanaoensis (Mindanao) are treated as synonyms of nominate. Original description frequently dated as 1855, but that applies to advance sheets or proofs prior to publication proper#R. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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