Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)

Least Concern

Andaman Crake (Rallina canningi)


French: Râle des Andaman German: Andamanenralle Spanish: Polluela de Andamán

Euryzona canningi


, 1863,

Port Canning, Andaman Islands


An apparently new species of crake discovered in Nov 2011 on Great Nicobar I, in S Nicobar Is, seems to be closest to present genus in appearance; provisionally called “Great Nicobar Crake”, it differs from geographically closest Rallina species (R. canningi and R. fasciata) in shape and proportions, as well as in plumage and bare-part colours; further study in progress#R. Monotypic.


Andaman Is.

Descriptive notes

34cm. Largest Rallina; easily distinguished by glossy chestnut plumage, extensive bold barring on underparts, unbarred undertail-coverts and relatively bright apple... read more


A deep croak “kroop”; alarm note a sharp “chick”.


Marshland in forest; large, open areas of marshland and also recorded in a small marsh on edge of... read more

Food and feeding

Largely worms, molluscs and insects (including beetles, grasshoppers and caterpillars); possibly also small fish. Large grasshoppers are... read more


Breeds Jun–Aug, during summer. Nest a collection of grass and leaves, placed at foot of large forest tree or under tangled forest... read more


Apparently sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Previously Vulnerable, Near Threatened or Data Deficient. Restricted-range species: present in Andaman Islands EBA. Precise range not... read more

Recommended citation

Taylor, B. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Andaman Crake (Rallina canningi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).