Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)

Vulnerable

Andaman Serpent-eagle (Spilornis elgini)


Taxonomy

French: Serpentaire des Andaman German: Andamanenschlangenweihe Spanish: Culebrera de Andamán
Taxonomy:

Haematornis elgini

Blyth

, 1863,

South Andaman Island

.

Rather distinctive species, certainly separate from (and not a race of) S. cheela; occurs in sympatry with race davisoni of S. cheela. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Andaman Is.

Descriptive notes

51–59 cm; 790–1000 g; wingspan 115–135 cm. Medium-sized dark serpent-eagle with short crest. Overall, very dark brown with numerous small white spots that... read more

Voice

Vocalizations consist of sharp, clear whistles, differing markedly from calls of S. cheela. read more

Habitat

Forest interior, typically in clearings; also on open hillsides with scattered trees at elevations... read more

Food and feeding

Little information. Apparently takes variety of prey, especially birds; also frogs, lizards, rats and snakes. Hunts from perch in typical... read more

Breeding

Quite vocal during display flights, which include mutual soaring over territory. No further information available.

Movements

Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Andaman Islands EBA. Very small range not severely fragmented; believed to be quite common, evidently the commonest... read more

Recommended citation

Clark, W.S., Christie, D.A., Marks, J.S. & Sharpe, C.J. (2018). Andaman Serpent-eagle (Spilornis elgini). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53018 on 20 April 2018).