Family New World Vultures (Cathartidae)

Near Threatened

Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus)


French: Condor des Andes German: Andenkondor Spanish: Cóndor andino

Vultur gryphus


, 1758,





Santa Marta Mts and Sierra de Perijá (N Colombia and NW Venezuela); Andes from Venezuela (Mérida) to Tierra del Fuego, descending to sea-level in Peru and Chile.

Descriptive notes

100–130 cm; female 8000–11,000 g, male 11,000–15,000 g; wingspan 260–320 cm. The only American vulture to show sexual dimorphism: male has large (... read more


Clucking sounds made during courtship, and a variety of low hissing or staccato rattlings sounds... read more


Mainly high mountains, including highest peaks, to at least 5000 m, but usually over open grassland... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly carrion from large- and medium-sized mammals, such as guanacos (Lama guanicoe), domestic and, increasingly, exotic... read more


Poorly known. Lays Apr–Oct in Colombia, Feb–Jun in Peru, Sept–Oct in Chile. Nests in shallow caves on cliff ledges,... read more


Forages very widely, and must cover great distances, e.g. recorded twice in Bolivian Chaco, 100 km... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES I. Poorly known, but uncommon and almost certainly declining over most of its range. Global population... read more

Recommended citation

Houston, D., Kirwan, G.M., Christie, D.A. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 February 2020).