Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Andean Emerald (Amazilia franciae)


French: Ariane de Francia German: Andenamazilie Spanish: Amazilia andina

Trochilus Franciæ

Bourcier and Mulsant

, 1846,

Bogotá, Colombia


Sometimes placed in genus Agyrtria. Owing to different crown colour, race viridiceps sometimes treated as subspecies of A. versicolor (colours of throat, breast, rump and tail tend to rule this out, along with bill-size difference) or else regarded as a separate species, and indeed viridiceps (restricted to W slope) differs from both franciae and cyanocollis on account of green (not blue) crown (3) and significantly shorter tail (effect size −2.57; score 2); moreover, NHMUK specimen labels suggest a yellow-flesh vs bold red basal two-thirds of lower mandible (if confirmed, score 2), so further research and analysis clearly desirable. Described form A. veneta may be melanistic female of present species. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. f. viridiceps (Gould, 1860) – Ecuadorian Emerald – SW Colombia (Nariño) and W Ecuador (S to Loja).
  • A. f. franciae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) – Andean Emerald – Andes of NW & C Colombia.
  • A. f. cyanocollis (Gould, 1853) – Andes of SE Ecuador (Zamora-Chinchipe) and N Peru (Marañón Valley S to E La Libertad).
  • Descriptive notes

    9–11 cm; male 5·6 g, female 5·3 g. Male has medium-sized, straight to slightly decurved bill, maxilla blackish, mandible coral-red with dark tip; crown... read more


    Song quite variable, typically a repeated complex phrase of high-pitched squeaky whistles, trills... read more


    Inhabits wet forest edges, second growth and clearings; in W Peru, also found in more arid, shrubby... read more

    Food and feeding

    Forages for nectar at various heights, chiefly in middle to upper strata; may form feeding assemblies. Found at flowering herbs such as... read more


    Almost year-round, e.g. nests recorded Jan–Nov in C Andes of Colombia; also birds in breeding condition have been recorded in Apr,... read more


    Seasonal changes in altitude indicated by absence from breeding areas such as Anchicayá (SW... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Fairly common to uncommon, but status of local populations poorly known. Abundance in certain places may vary with flowering season of... read more

    Recommended citation

    Weller, A.A., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Andean Emerald (Amazilia franciae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 2 April 2020).