Family Flamingos (Phoenicopteridae)


Andean Flamingo (Phoenicoparrus andinus)


French: Flamant des Andes German: Andenflamingo Spanish: Parina grande

Phoenicopterus andinus

R. A. Philippi [Krumwiede]

, 1854,

salt lake near Altos de Pingopingo, Antofagasta, Chile


In recent years, frequently included in genus Phoenicopterus, along with all other flamingos. Monotypic.


Restricted to high Andes, from S Peru through Bolivia to N Chile and NW Argentina; also around the lowland Laguna Mar Chiquita in NC Argentina#R.

Descriptive notes

102–110 cm; 2000–2400 g. Head, neck and upper breast tinged wine red; red spot between nostrils; only flamingo with yellow legs and feet. Lacks hind toe. On... read more


Calls higher-pitched than P. chilensis. Commonest call is a duck-like descending series of... read more


The species typically inhabits high altitude salt lakes, mainly between 3500 and 4500 m, but also... read more

Food and feeding

Primarily diatoms (Bacillariophyceae), particularly of genus Surirella. Almost always feeds at sediment/water interface, and... read more


Laying Dec–Jan. Colonies of up to thousands of pairs, often mixed with P. chilensis and/or P. jamesi. Nest is... read more


Movements occur between lakes on the altiplano in relation to changes in water... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. The global population in 2010 was censused at 38,600–38,700 individuals and numbers are thought to have been stable during 1998–2010,... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Andean Flamingo (Phoenicoparrus andinus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 May 2019).