Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Andean Negrito (Lessonia oreas)


French: Lessonie des Andes German: Andensporntyrann Spanish: Negrito andino

Centrites oreas

P. L. Sclater and Salvin

, 1869,

Tinta, Cuzco, Peru


Formerly treated as conspecific with L. rufa; differs in its large pale patch on remiges in flight (3); paler rufous mantle and back in male (1); much darker overall plumage in female (3); possibly a longer tail (ns); separation supported by feather-structure differences and potential display differences#R. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

Andes of C & S Peru (SE Ancash, SW Huánuco) to C Chile (Coquimbo), W & SW Bolivia and NW Argentina (Catamarca).

Descriptive notes

12·5 cm. Male is black with pale rufous back; inner webs of flight-feathers silvery white (usually visible only in flight); iris dark; bill short, black; legs black;... read more


Contact call a short, rather faint “tyt”, repeated at c. 0·5-second intervals;... read more


Montane lakes, streams and bogs with short vegetation and muddy areas, heavily grazed lakeshores,... read more

Food and feeding

Small insects. Usually occurs in pairs or family groups. Basically terrestrial. Frequently perches on tus­socks or other slightly... read more


Oct–Jan in N Chile. Displaying male flutters upwards 10–15 m. Nest usually an open cup similar to that of L. rufa,... read more


Resident. May overlap with L. rufa in N Chile and Bolivia, during austral winter.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to locally fairly common. Becomes more numerous towards N of range. Occurs in Lauca National Park, in Chile, and common... read more

Recommended citation

Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. (2019). Andean Negrito (Lessonia oreas). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 8 December 2019).