Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Andean Parakeet (Bolborhynchus orbygnesius)


French: Toui de d’Orbigny German: Andensittich Spanish: Catita andina

Myiopsitta Orbygnesia


, 1856,

Yungas, Bolivia


Formerly referred to by name B. andicolus, and in the past regarded as a race of Psilopsiagon aurifrons; name orbygnesius, however, shown to refer to present species and to have priority#R. Appears to be closest to B. ferrugineifrons. Monotypic.


Highlands of N Peru (Cajamarca and La Libertad) S to WC Bolivia (Cochabamba and W Santa Cruz); recently recorded in NW Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)#R.

Descriptive notes

16–17 cm; 48–50 g. Differs from B. ferrugineifrons only in being slightly smaller, and in replacing rufous around bill with yellow tinging to green.... read more


Typical call is a short (irregularly overslurred) dull note, typically given in chuckling pairs or... read more


Semi-arid cloud-forest, Polylepis woodlands, bushy ravines in more open country,... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds, fruits and berries, taken in bushes, bamboo, leguminous trees, and on the ground.


Claimed to be in a burrow in a steep bank.


Moves altitudinally down to montane valleys outside breeding season.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common locally, sometimes in large flocks, with over 300 recorded; population stable.

Recommended citation

Collar, N. & Boesman, P. (2020). Andean Parakeet (Bolborhynchus orbygnesius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).