Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Least Concern

Andean Pygmy-owl (Glaucidium jardinii)


French: Chevêchette des Andes German: Andenzwergkauz Spanish: Mochuelo andino

Palænopsis jardinii


, 1855,

Andes of Quito, Ecuador


Suggested as being closest to G. bolivianum. Has been treated as conspecific with G. brasilianum, or by some authors as a race of G. gnoma; differs from both in voice, coloration and ecology. Formerly considered to include G. costaricanum as a race, but latter now shown to be very distinct. Monotypic.


From N Colombia and W Venezuela (including Sierra de Perijá) S in Andes through Ecuador to C Peru.

Descriptive notes

15–16 cm; male 54·9–77·4 g, female 54·6–75 g. Small pygmy-owl, with small head and ill-defined mask; normally looks round-... read more


A long series of rapidly delivered, evenly spaced “poop” notes, sometimes prefaced by c... read more


Semi-arid to humid open cloudforest and elfin forest; montane or highland forest, including ... read more

Food and feeding

Small birds, invertebrates and small mammals; reported to take more birds than many other tropical pygmy-owls, sometimes of... read more


Poorly known. In Colombia, male found in breeding condition in late Dec; nest and eggs observed in Mar. Nest in tree cavity, perhaps most... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Widespread; considered fairly common. No estimate of global population size; numbers assumed to be stable in absence of... read more

Recommended citation

Holt, D.W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez Rocha, P., Petersen, J.L., Rangel Salazar, J.L., Segars, K.P., Wood, K.L. & Marks, J.S. (2019). Andean Pygmy-owl (Glaucidium jardinii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).