Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Andean Tit-spinetail (Leptasthenura andicola)


Taxonomy

French: Synallaxe des Andes German: Andenmeisenschlüpfer Spanish: Tijeral andino
Taxonomy:

Leptasthenura andicola

P. L. Sclater

, 1870,

Panza, southern slope of Chimborazo, Ecuador

.

Recent phylogenetic analysis#R indicates that this species is sister to L. aegithaloides (including taxa hitherto incorporated). Proposed race boliviana (N Bolivia) described as like peruviana but with back streaks wider, outer webs of secondaries blacker and lacking rufous, and rectrices blacker and wider, but not reliably diagnosable. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. a. extima Todd, 1916 – N Colombia (Santa Marta Mts).
  • L. a. certhia (Madarász, 1903) – Andes of W Venezuela (Mérida, Trujillo, presumably also Táchira).
  • L. a. exterior Todd, 1919 – E Andes of N Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca).
  • L. a. andicola P. L. Sclater, 1870 – C Andes of Colombia (S from Tolima) S to Ecuador (S to N Azuay on W slope and to Cotopaxi and SW Napo on E slope, also in Zamora-Chinchipe).
  • L. a. peruviana Chapman, 1919 – Andes of W & S Peru (Ancash S locally to Arequipa and Puno) and N Bolivia (La Paz); sight report from N Chile (Tarapacá).
  • Descriptive notes

    16–17 cm; 15–16 g. Darkest and most heavily marked tit-spinetail. Nominate race has conspicuous broad whitish supercilia that meet across forehead, brownish... read more

    Voice

    Song described as high-pitched descending series of notes that starts and finishes with a trill,... read more

    Habitat

    Arid, semi-humid/humid montane scrub, páramo grassland, and Polylepis... read more

    Food and feeding

    Arthropods. Usually in pairs or small groups, occasionally in mixed-species flocks. Forages at all levels. Gleans items from shrub foliage... read more

    Breeding

    Nestlings in Feb and Apr in C & S Peru; fledglings in Nov and May in Venezuela, Sept in C Colombia and Aug in SW Peru. Presumably... read more

    Movements

    Resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to fairly common in much of its range; tends to be uncommon to rare in S of range (peruviana). Occurs in Puracé National Park, in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Remsen, J.V., Jr (2019). Andean Tit-spinetail (Leptasthenura andicola). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/56411 on 18 August 2019).