Has been considered conspecific with H. lucida. E African birds described as race arcticincta, tending to be paler below and to have deeper tail fork, but differences not constant and biometrics intergrade with those of adjacent populations. Monotypic.
W Gabon, S Congo and W & N Angola; C, NE & E DRCongo, Uganda and W Kenya S to N & NW Zambia, N, W & E Tanzania and N Malawi. Recorded breeding in NC Namibia, but past records from NE Namibia (Caprivi Strip) possibly misidentifications#R.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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