French: Anhinga d’Amérique German: Amerikanischer Schlangenhalsvogel Spanish: Anhinga americana
Rio Tapajós, Pará, Brazil.
Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
A. a. leucogaster
(Vieillot, 1816) – E & S USA (North Carolina to Texas) and W & E Mexico through Central America to Panama, also Cuba; N population winters S as far as S Mexico.
A. a. anhinga
(Linnaeus, 1766) – South America from Colombia S to Ecuador and, E of Andes, to N Argentina; Trinidad and Tobago.
81–91 cm; c. 820–1350 g; wingspan c. 120 cm; bill 69–88 mm. Scapulars elongated and lanceolate; bare-part colours variable. Silvery grey more extensive on... read more
Usually silent away from nest but occasionally calls from perches or in flight. Calls include a... read more
Mainly still, shallow inland waters, especially lakes, slow-flowing rivers and swamps; less often... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly fish, including (in USA) Centrarchidae, Poeciliidae, Cyprinodontidae and Mugilidae; also amphibians (e.g. frogs, salamanders, newts... read more
Seasonal in some areas, at any time of year in others. Nests found in Cuba between Apr and Aug. Often colonial, sometimes with cormorants... read more
Sedentary across much of the range. However, birds from the extreme N of range, move S for winter.... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common in suitable habitat in S USA; fairly common locally in Colombia; little known of status throughout much of range, and solitary... read more
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