Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)


Anjouan Scops-owl (Otus capnodes)


French: Petit-duc d’Anjouan German: Anjouan-Zwergohreule Spanish: Autillo de Anjouan

Scops capnodes

Gurney, Sr

, 1889,



Probably forms a species-group with O. rutilus, O. mayottensis, O. pauliani and O. moheliensis#R. Sometimes treated as race of O. rutilus, but analysis of vocalizations and plumage characters indicates that specific status appropriate#R. Monotypic.


Anjouan (Ndzuani), in Comoro Is.

Descriptive notes

c. 22 cm; male 119 g. Smallish scops-owl with very small ear-tufts. Occurs in dark grey-brown and rufous-brown morphs. Rufous morph with head dusky brown with white spotting... read more


Prolonged whistle, “peeooee” or “peeoo”, recalling Grey Plover (... read more


Restricted to remnant primary forest on mountain slopes above 300 m; also occurs in degraded forest... read more

Food and feeding

No definite information; probably insects.


No confirmed data. Nest probably in cavity in thick tree trunk, e.g. where branch broken off; several records of bird seen perched at... read more


No information; presumably sedentary, with only local movements.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Comoro Islands EBA. Rediscovered in 1992 after more than a century without a scientific record. Speculation that... read more

Recommended citation

Holt, D.W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez Rocha, P., Petersen, J.L., Rangel Salazar, J.L., Segars, K.P., Wood, K.L. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Anjouan Scops-owl (Otus capnodes). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).