Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Antillean Crested Hummingbird (Orthorhyncus cristatus)


French: Colibri huppé German: Antillenhaubenkolibri Spanish: Colibrí crestado

Trochilus cristatus


, 1758,



Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • O. c. exilis (J. F. Gmelin, 1788) – E Puerto Rico S through Lesser Antilles to St Lucia.
  • O. c. ornatus Gould, 1861 – St Vincent.
  • O. c. cristatus (Linnaeus, 1758) – Barbados.
  • O. c. emigrans Lawrence, 1877 – Grenadines and Grenada.
  • Descriptive notes

    8–9·5 cm; male 3–4 g, female 3·5 g, one unsexed 2·7 g. Male has short straight black bill; head with green crest, tipped metallic green to... read more


    Calls include short “tsip” or “tzip” notes and a longer series, “tslee-tslee-tslee-tslee”.


    Open vegetation, parks, plantations, forest borders from sea-level to high mountains. Commonest... read more

    Food and feeding

    Nectar of flowering shrubs (Lantana, Euphorbia), vines and from lower parts of hedges and trees (Hibiscus, ... read more


    Breeds all year round, chiefly Mar–Jun. Nest cup-shaped, built on thin branch of shrub or vine 1–3 m above ground, often shaded... read more


    Sedentary, with possible dispersal to higher altitudes in Jul/Aug. Race exilis is rare... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands EBA and Lesser Antilles EBA. Common resident.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Schuchmann, K.L. & Boesman, P. (2020). Antillean Crested Hummingbird (Orthorhyncus cristatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 February 2020).