Family Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Least Concern

Antillean Nighthawk (Chordeiles gundlachii)


French: Engoulevent piramidig German: Antillennachtschwalbe Spanish: Añapero querequeté

Chordeiles gundlachii


, 1856,



Formerly considered conspecific with C. minor, but sympatric in S Florida. N populations (Florida and Bahamas) sometimes separated as race vicinus, supposedly smaller and lacking tawny morph. Monotypic.


Extreme SE USA (S Florida) and Bahamas, Cuba and I of Pines, Cayman Is, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico and Virgin Is; recently expanded range SE to Guadaloupe#R. Wintering grounds unknown; presumably in N South America.

Descriptive notes

20–23 cm; c. 50 g (estimated). Sexually dimorphic; two colour morphs, greyish and tawny; at rest, wingtips occasionally do not reach tip of tail. Best separated... read more


Territorial/courtship call of male is a repetitive, nasal “chitty-chit”, “penk-... read more


Wide variety of open or semi-open arid country, including recently cleared areas, agriculture,... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on moths, beetles and other insects. Forages in flight, hunting high up over forests (10–30 m above the canopy), shorelines,... read more


Breeds mid-Apr to mid-Aug in Florida, and Apr–Aug in Bahamas, Cuba, I of Pines, Jamaica, Hispaniola and Puerto Rico. Territorial,... read more


Highly migratory, though wintering areas undocumented (generally assumed to be in continental South... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally quite common throughout much of breeding range. In Cuba, extremely common Apr–Aug in open savannas and cane-fields;... read more

Recommended citation

Cleere, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Antillean Nighthawk (Chordeiles gundlachii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 January 2019).