Lara et al., 2012,
vereda El Espinal, c. 3.2 km SSW of Santa Fe de Antioquia, west bank of the Cauca River, Antioquia, Colombia (6°31’55” N, 75°49’54” W; 515 m elevation).
Differs from T. nicefori by its lack of faint barring on back to tail-coverts (1) and from T. rufalbus by its blurry brownish vs sharp blackish streaks on cheeks (1); and from both by its paler upperparts (1); much finer barring on wings and tail (2); smaller size (notably shorter wing; allow 2); and minor vocal differences, i.e. wider range of notes in single phrase (1) and less use of repetitions/trilled series (1)—claims for greater vocal distinctiveness#R not confirmed here and questioned elsewhere#R. Species first discovered in Feb 2006. Monotypic.
N Cauca Valley (Ituango S to Concordia–Salgar border) in Antioquia (NW Colombia).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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