Family Falcons, Caracaras (Falconidae)

Least Concern

Aplomado Falcon (Falco femoralis)


French: Faucon aplomado German: Aplomadofalke Spanish: Halcón aleto

Falco femoralis


, 1822,



Formerly referred to sometimes as F. fuscocaerulescens, but form thus named is unidentifiable#R. Considered closely allied to F. rufigularis and F. deiroleucus. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • F. f. septentrionalis Todd, 1916 – N Mexico S locally to Guatemala#R.
  • F. f. femoralis Temminck, 1822 – Belize; SE Honduras#R and NE Nicaragua; Panama; Colombia E to the Guianas, and S through E Bolivia and Brazil to Argentina, extending S to Tierra del Fuego.
  • F. f. pichinchae Chapman, 1925 – temperate zones of SW Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and W Bolivia S to C Chile and NW Argentina (Tucumán).
  • Descriptive notes

    Male 35–38 cm, 208–305 g; female 43–45 cm, 271–460 g; wingspan 76–102 cm. Tail rather long, in comparison with other falcons. Superficially similar to... read more


    In alarm near nest, typical shrill scream of genus Falco, "kee-kee-kee...", or... read more


    Grassland, savanna, edges of montane forest, agricultural regions, cactus desert and shrub steppe (... read more

    Food and feeding

    Claimed to feed heavily on insects and rodents; more detailed studies show birds as staple diet, with some rodents, bats, insects, lizards... read more


    Poorly known until recently. Season Feb–Aug in tropical Mexico (though Jan–May in Chihuahua, where species to some extent takes... read more


    Middle American birds long considered to be predominantly migratory, although some overwinter (in... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Throughout most of its extensive range, populations stable or perhaps increasing, especially where deforestation is opening... read more

    Recommended citation

    Bierregaard, R.O., Jr & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Aplomado Falcon (Falco femoralis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 January 2020).