Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Apurimac Starfrontlet (Coeligena albicaudata)


French: Inca de l’Apurimac German: Apurimac-Andenkolibri Spanish: Inca de Apurímac

Coeligena violifer albicaudata

Schuchmann and Züchner

, 1998,

Dept. Cuzco, Cordillera Vilcabamba, Peru


Probably closely related to C. lutetiae, C. bonapartei, C. eos and C. helianthea. Hitherto considered one of four races of C. violifer, but differs from others in white vs rufous in tail (3); steel-blue vs green or turquoise frons (2); and female’s distinctly whitish (albeit green-spotted) throat and whitish belly (2). Monotypic.


Apurímac drainage, in NE Ayacucho, N Apurímac and SW Cuzco (S Peru).

Descriptive notes

13–14·5 cm; 6–12 g. Previously considered to be conspecific with C. violifer (see Taxonomy comments). Male has long, straight, black bill (3·6–4·1 cm); head bottle-... read more


Presumed song is a repeated, squeaky, rhythmic phrase, “wet-tsee-tser”, alternating with high-... read more


Inhabits understorey of elfin forests at 2250–3600 m.

Food and feeding

Presumably similar to C. violifer, but no specific information.


Season apparently starts in Jul–Aug.


No information.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Overall range estimated at 47,000 km². Habitat partially under threat of deforestation and species is suspected to be declining; species... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Apurimac Starfrontlet (Coeligena albicaudata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 3 April 2020).