Species

HBW Alive provides full accounts for every bird species known to science up to June 2013, including distribution maps and color illustrations. Check out these recently updated species or search the species you want.

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Red-billed Hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus)

Taxonomy:

Buceros erythrorhynchus

Temminck, 1823, Mora, Cameroon.

Closest to T. monteiri, but close also to T. flavirostris, T. leucomelas and T. deckeni (and presumably jacksoni...

Descriptive notes: 35 cm; male 124–185 g, female 90–151 g (nominate), male 182 g, female 148 g (race kempi), male 128 g, female 125 g (race ruahae). Small, black-and-white hornbill with spotted wing-coverts, white in outer tail, and long,...
figure, drawing, illustration of Red-billed Hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus)

Snowy Owl (Bubo scandiacus)

Taxonomy:

Strix scandiaca

Linnaeus, 1758, Lapland, north Finland.

Previously placed in monotypic genus Nyctea, primarily on basis of skull characters; recent genetic study, however, indicated that it is part of...

Descriptive notes: Male 53–64 cm, 710–2500 g; female 59–66 cm, 780–2950 g; wingspan 125–166 cm. Large white owl with small eyes, rudimentary ear tufts normally not erect. Male almost entirely white, sometimes with narrow...
figure, drawing, illustration of Snowy Owl (Bubo scandiacus)

Asian Crested Ibis (Nipponia nippon)

Taxonomy:

Ibis nippon

Temminck, 1835, Japan.

Proposed race sinensis, described around end of 19th century, turned out to be the species’ breeding plumage. Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: 55–84 cm. Distinctive bushy-crested ibis with red facial skin and legs. Non-breeding adult white, with orangish-cinnamon tones in tail and flight feathers, whereas breeding adult has grey head, neck, mantle and...
figure, drawing, illustration of Asian Crested Ibis (Nipponia nippon)

Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)

Taxonomy:

Trochilus rufus

J. F. Gmelin, 1788, Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island, Canada.

Closely related to S. sasin (which see). Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: c. 8·5 cm; 2·9–3·9 g. Male has medium-short, straight black bill; crown bronze or bronze-green, remaining upperparts rufous, occasionally with a few green feathers on the back; throat iridescent scarlet-bronze...
figure, drawing, illustration of Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)

Pacific Wren (Troglodytes pacificus)

Taxonomy:

Troglodytes hyemalis [sic] (var. pacificus

) S. F. Baird, 1864, Simiahmoo, Puget Sound, Washington.

Until recently considered conspecific with T. troglodytes and T. hiemalis, given great morphological consistency, but acoustic and...

Descriptive notes: 9–11 cm; 8–12 g. Small, dark wren with short tail, small bill and pale supercilium, chin and throat. Upperwing-coverts rufous-brown with darker barring; primaries and secondaries brown, barred darker; upper breast light wood...
figure, drawing, illustration of Pacific Wren (Troglodytes pacificus)