Family Old World Sparrows (Passeridae)

Least Concern

Arabian Golden Sparrow (Passer euchlorus)


French: Moineau d’Arabie German: Jemengoldsperling Spanish: Gorrión árabe

Auripasser euchlorus


, 1850,

“Abyssinia, Arabia“= Kunfuda, Arabia


In the past often treated as conspecific with P. luteus and both formerly placed in separate genus, Auripasser. Monotypic.


SW tip of Arabian Peninsula (SW Saudi Arabia, W Yemen), and Djibouti and extreme coastal NW Somalia.

Descriptive notes

12–13 cm; 12–17 g. Male is golden-yellow, except for paler yellow upper­wing-coverts with greyish inner webs, black flight-feathers with whitish edges, small... read more


Soft, disyllabic, high-pitched chirp, similar to that of P. luteus. Flocks utter... read more


Arid thornbush savanna and nearby cultivated land.

Food and feeding

Seeds of grasses and cultivated cereals, especially millet; little recorded. Highly gregarious, forages in small flocks; larger flocks,... read more


Breeding probably associated with rains, recorded in Mar–Jul in Yemen and Mar–May in Djibouti. Highly colonial, with 20–... read more


Mainly sedentary; small local movements in non-breeding season.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common. Largely dependent on cultivated crops; not directly controlled by man, but breeding area may be abandoned after a few years, the birds moving... read more

Recommended citation

Summers-Smith, D. (2020). Arabian Golden Sparrow (Passer euchlorus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).